The Congress, whenever two thirds of both houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose amendments to this Constitution, or, on the
application of the legislatures of two thirds of the several states, shall call a convention for proposing amendments, which, in either
case, shall be valid to all intents and purposes, as part of this Constitution, when ratified by the legislatures of three fourths of the
several states, or by conventions in three fourths thereof, as the one or the other mode of ratification may be proposed by the
Congress; provided that no amendment which may be made prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and eight shall in any
manner affect the first and fourth clauses in the ninth section of the first article; and that no state, without its consent, shall be
deprived of its equal suffrage in the Senate.