IsaacAsimov was brought to the UnitedStates at the age of three. He grew up in Brooklyn, N.Y., graduating from ColumbiaUniversity? in 1939 and taking a Ph.D. there in 1948. He then joined the faculty of BostonUniversity?, with which he remained associated thereafter.
IsaacAsimov began contributing stories to ScienceFiction magazines in 1939 and in 1950 published his first book, Pebble in the Sky. His trilogy of novels, Foundation, Foundation and Empire, and Second Foundation (1951-53), which recounts the collapse and rebirth of a vast interstellar empire in the universe of the future, is his most famous work of ScienceFiction. In the short-story collection I, Robot (1950), he developed a set of ethics for robots (see ThreeLawsOfRobotics) and intelligent machines that greatly influenced other writers' treatment of the subject. His other novels and collections of stories included /TheStarsLikeDust? (1951), /TheCurrentsOfSpace? (1952), /TheCavesOfSteel? (1954), /TheNakedSun? (1957), /EarthIsRoomEnough? (1957), /FoundationsEdge (1982), and /TheRobotsOfDawn? (1983). His "/Nightfall?" (1941) is thought by many to be the finest ScienceFiction short story ever written.
Among IsaacAsimov's books on various topics in science, written with lucidity and humour, are The Chemicals of Life (1954), Inside the Atom (1956), The World of Nitrogen (1958), Life and Energy (1962), The Human Brain (1964), The Neutrino (1966), Science, Numbers and I (1968), Our World in Space (1974), and Views of the Universe (1981). He also published two volumes of autobiography.