The term has been adopted in the UnitedStates since the 1970s as the PoliticallyCorrect? term for black Americans. The term is logically suspect, however, in that it attempts to define a race both in terms of race and citizenship. To illustrate the problem:
What race is WalterWilliams? African-American. Is WalterWilliams the same race as DesmondTutu? Yes. Is DesmondTutu African-American? No.